Collecting and utilizing phenotypic data to minimize disease: A breeder’s practical guide
Author: Rhonda Hoven
OFA publication. (2003)
While DNA / Genetic tests are becoming increasingly important in management of breeding dogs, it is important to recognize...
"DNA tests are not available for the majority of common canine diseases. Most tests intended to offer breeders health information about a dog’s suitability for breeding, rely instead on an evaluation of the dog’s physical status at the time of examination. These are called phenotypic tests, and include evaluations for hip and elbow dysplasia, many eye and cardiac diseases, patella and thyroid disease, and most current canine disease evaluations."