The Papillon, also called the Continental Toy Spaniel, is a breed of dog of the Spaniel type. One of the oldest of the toy spaniels, it derives its name from its characteristic butterfly-like look of the long and fringed hair on the ears, the French word for "butterfly" being papillon.
Links to Breed Descriptions
The German Kennel Club (VDH) (Hint: your browser should be able to Translate to English, at least for text (e.g., right click in Google Chrome or Internet Explorer).)
View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel.
AKC Judges Study Guide
Other Names for Breed
Phalène (drop ear type)
Continental Toy Spaniel
Epagneul Nain Continental
Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club
Country of origin: France/Belgium
Health and Well-Being
Some sources of health information include:
National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
Breed club surveys
Danny R. Ford II & Ruth Ann Ramsey-Ford's Show Paps website: health information:
There are numerous breed standards.
The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.
Three of the major international standards are:
The American Kennel Club
The Kennel Club, UK
FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)
1. Swedish Insurance Data Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
2. The Kennel Club - Population analysis of the Papillon breed - September 2015 - PAPILLON.pdf
3. Finland: Finnish Kennel Club Database: Koiranet: Papillon: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=77.1
Breeding/Health Strategy Documents
Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:
The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 1)
Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
Finland: Finnish Kennel Club database: https://jalostus.kennelliitto.fi/frmEtusivu.aspx?R=77.1
Papillon Club of America Health Surveys - https://www.pcagenetics.com/health-survey
Note: The 2005-2010 survey (https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/1b6eff_b38f083f7fb74cf9953931d0dc219b3c.pdf) contains responses from owners in multiple countries (1976 dogs, males: 965/females: 985).
(Internal: for archiving purposes)1b6eff_b38f083f7fb74cf9953931d0dc219b3c.pdf
Breed-Specific DNA Tests:
Other Breed-Specific Webpages
Papillon & Phalène Breed Archive
Papillon Club of America - Papillon Health & Genetics Committee
This site contains information, reports and statistics on Papillon health screening.
The Complete Illustrated Standards for the Papillon and Phalene
Nousveau Paps ©2005 Ms D E Ashdown
This site contains considerable information and illustrations on the breed standards for papillon.
Also see: Breed Standard Comparison and Interview
We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.
Canada: Papillon Canada
Denmark: Papillon Club Of Denmark
UK: Papillon (Butterfly Dog) Club
Finland: Suomen Papillon- ja Phaleneyhdistys: https://www.spphy.fi/
Sweden: Papillon Ringen: http://www.papillonringen.se/
US: Papillon Club of America: https://papillonclub.org/