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    The Dobermann breed requires a medium sized, powerful, muscular dog. Despite his substance he shall be elegant and noble, which will be evident in his body line. He must be exceptionally suitable as a companion, protection and working dog and also as a family dog.  

    Brief Description 

    The Dobermann is the only German breed which bears the name of its original breeder, Friedrich Louis Dobermann (02.01.1834 – 09.06.1894). He was believed to be a tax collector, offal abbatoir manager (knacker) and a part time dog catcher, legally able to catch all stray dogs. He bred with animals from this reservoir that were particularly sharp. The so called “butcher’s dogs” which were already considered a relatively pure breed at that time, played a most important role in the origination of the Dobermann breed.

    Source: FCI

    Links to Breed Descriptions 

    See: The German Kennel Club (VDH) for information and video (if available).
    (Hint: your browser should be able to Translate to English, at least for text (e.g., right click in Google Chrome or Internet Explorer).)



    Video Link

    This and other breed videos are available in full length here



    AKC Video Link



    View more videos on AKC's YouTube Channel


    SCC Video Link

    View more videos on SCC's YouTube Channel


    Doberman Pinscher Club of America: Illustrated Standard

    Sweden: Dobermann Raskompendium - SBK ́s domarkonferens
    18-20 oktober 2019
    Svenska Dobermannklubbe


    Other Names for Breed 
    • Doberman Pinscher

    Country of Origin and Parent Breed Club 

    Country of origin: Germany

    Health and Well-Being 

    Some sources of health information include:

    1. National kennel clubs and breed clubs (see, e.g. Breeding/Health Strategy Documents, below)
    2. Population-level statistics (see, e.g., Swedish Insurance Data, below)
    3. Research articles
    4. Breed club surveys

    Breed-Specific Articles 

    dobie-article-grihp.pngSee our article, Get a GRIHP! on the Dobermann for important information on the Dobermann.

    Be aware: Dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy in the symptomatic stage often experience coughing, poor performance, high respiratory rate, or shortness of breath. In some cases, there are also fainting spells. Sudden deaths due to cardiac arrhythmias also occur. The disease can occur at any age, mostly animals between one and a half and seven years are affected. Indicative symptoms of heart disease are:

    • Cough
    • Significantly decreasing joy of playing and resilience
    • accelerated breathing to the point of shortness of breath
    • Cyanosis (blue skin, lips, nail bed)
    • Syncope (fainting spells)
    • ascites (fluid build-up)
    • accelerated heart rate
    • cardiac arrhythmias




    Breed Standards 


    There are numerous breed standards.

    The basis of breed/conformation shows is the judging of pedigree dogs against the 'Breed Standard', which is a picture in words that describes the range of features that are deemed appropriate for the breed.

    Three of the major international standards are:

    The American Kennel Club

    The Kennel Club, UK

    FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale)

    Breed-Specific Statistics 

    1. Swedish Insurance Data

    • Breed-specific information on rates of disease and death from Agria Pet Insurance (Agria Djurförsäkring) is available for many breeds.
    This breed has information on Veterinary Care and Life Insurance.
    Dobermann: 2006-2011 2011-2016

    2. Finnish Kennel Club Database - Dobermann:

    Breeding/Health Strategy Documents 

    Health/Breeding Strategy Documents and Links:

    1. The Kennel Club, UK: Breed Watch (Category 1)
    2. Sweden: Breed-specific Breeding Strategies: (in Swedish) and/ or English summary
    3. Finland: Jalostuksen tavoiteohjelma 2020-2024 - DOBERMANN

    Breed-Specific DNA Tests:

    Other Breed-Specific Webpages 



    Breed-Specific Research 


    Doberman Diversity Project...

    This poster was displayed at the 4th International Dog Health Workshop.

    The poster provides an overview of results of genetic testing done by Embark through its Doberman Diversity Project panel test.

    Genetic disease predisposition and diversity information is available.


    Current participants / cohort data...

    ...primarily young dogs from the USdobermancohort-poster.png...  










    2023 Research

    Wade, C.M., Nuttall, R. & Liu, S. Comprehensive analysis of geographic and breed-purpose influences on genetic diversity and inherited disease risk in the Doberman dog breed. Canine Med Genet 10, 7 (2023).

    Excerpt... a global perspective


    Publicly available phenotype data and genotyping array data from two citizen science projects: “Doberman Health Surveys” and “The Doberman Diversity Project” were analyzed to explore relative homozygosity, diversity, and disorder risk according to geographical locale and breeding purpose in the Doberman."

    Breed Clubs 

    We are listing sites for breed clubs with health or other information that might be helpful. Follow links below.

    Canada: Doberman Pinscher Club of Canada
    Germany: Dobermann Verein e.V.
    UK: The Dobermann Club
    USA: Doberman Pinscher Club of America
    Finland: Suomen Dobermann Yhdistys Ry


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